Medical

Knowingly infecting others with HIV is no longer a felony in California

Knowingly infecting others with HIV is no longer a felony in California

Jerry Brown signed legislation Friday that lowers the punishment for people who knowingly donate HIV-infected blood.

News from a western USA state - California about enaction of SB 239.

Wiener suggested that the existing law prevented people from seeking HIV tests, because only those who have been tested could be charged with a felony. The measure also applies to those who give blood without telling the blood bank that they are HIV-positive. However, other cases that have been noted and already prosecuted where there was no physical contact.

"The most effective way to reduce HIV infections is to destigmatize HIV", Wiener told CNN. "To make people comfortable talking about their infection, get tested, get into treatment".

California lawmakers have passed legislation to reduce the penalty for those who knowingly or intentionally expose others to HIV without their knowledge, rolling back a law that mostly affected sex workers.

Gloria says it will be his mission to stop further HIV infections throughout the state.

He said: "we will do so not by threatening people with state prison time, but rather by getting people to test and providing them access to care".




The American Medical Association and the Infectious Diseases Society of America have come out against laws criminalizing HIV, and the CDC recently announced those living with HIV who are undetectable can not pass the virus on to others, even without protection. Republican Sen. Joel Anderson of Alpine, California, voted against the law, saying that it's "absolutely crazy" to him that they should change the law on the matter.

Stone said three out of four people who are on prescription medication on the country do not follow their doctor's guidelines on how to take the drugs.

Democratic state Sen. Scott Wiener and Assemblyman Todd Gloria, coauthors the legislation, argued that modern medicine has changed the lifespan of HIV-infected persons and almost eliminates the change of transmission. He said it was irresponsible not to disclose the possibility of a life-altering infection.

"At the very beginning, people expected to see most of the weight playing out in those intentional exposure laws", said Amira Hasenbush, a fellow at the Williams Institute and the co-author of the reports. He argued it puts the public at risk.

Lawmakers past year approved legislation allowing people with HIV to receive transplants from HIV-positive donors, reversing a ban imposed amid widespread fear about the disease. Jerry Brown signed the new law last Friday is set to take effect on January 1, 2018.

"This is an important bill that modernizes California's HIV laws", Zbur told CNN. "Today California took a major step toward treating HIV as a public health issue, instead of treating people living with HIV as criminals".

HIV treatment has gotten a lot better since then, and the new law is meant to reflect that.