World

Iran's protests reinforce the case for keeping the nuclear deal

Iran's protests reinforce the case for keeping the nuclear deal

AP's sources said Trump's top national security aides appear to have successfully persuaded him to waive anew for 120 days the nuclear-linked sanctions while also imposing new curbs to punish Iran over weapons, alleged terrorism and human-rights abuses.

The fate of the nuclear deal with Iran will hang in the balance once more on Friday, when Donald Trump must decide whether to continue sanctions relief for Tehran or violate the 2015 agreement.

"You'll be finding out very soon", Trump told reporters in response to a question at the White House amidst reports that he is expected to take a decision as early as tomorrow to renew the waiver on United States sanctions against Iran.

Mr Trump has criticised the deal, which saw sanctions lifted when Iran agreed to limit its nuclear fuel production. So, the willingness of Iran and moderate forces, led by Rouhani, to remain in the accord, could be tested by any sanctions the USA might reinstate now as a price for certifying and retaining the full agreement.

At the same time, withdrawal would give new strength to Russian Federation and China in global affairs - united against the USA in upholding what, to much of the world, appears to be the only real means of restraining Iran from developing nuclear arms.

Trump has argued that his predecessor, President Barack Obama, a Democrat, negotiated a bad deal for the U.S. in agreeing to the nuclear accord. This would be a very powerful gesture that fulfills his campaign promise to make America safe again.

"We stand with the proud people of Iran because it is right, and because the regime in Tehran threatens the peace and security of the world", Vice President Pence wrote in a column for The Washington Post, directly calling out Obama for not doing the same in 2009. Instead, they are the result of years of structural economic problems, poor governance, corruption and domestic political disagreements. While the USA and other world powers rolled back economic restrictions on Tehran, the Iranians severely curtailed their enrichment of uranium and other nuclear activity.




"The deal is working, it is delivering on its main goal, which means keeping the Iranian nuclear programme in check", Mogherini noted.

But the European envoys also questioned Iran's foreign minister, Mohammed Javad Zarif, over disputes such as the country's missile program and its role in Syria's war as a key ally of President Bashar Assad. But he refused to follow the same advice in October, even though the International Atomic Energy Agency continued to report that Iran was living up to its essential obligations under the JCPOA. To hear senior Western diplomats tell it, the Trump administration has not approved a single Iran-related OFAC (Office of Foreign Assets Control) license since taking office-including for aviation giants Boeing and Airbus, which were practically written into Annex II, Section Five of the nuclear deal.

The Iranians may not go along with Trump's efforts to "fix" INARA.

Agence France Presse reported on Monday that Iranian officials had warned the worldwide community to be prepared for American withdrawal, adding that the Islamic Republic was already prepared for "any scenario".

Other debates center on Iran's missile testing. But this week, his decision is complicated by recent street protests in Iran.

MARTIN: The deadline for reimposing these sanctions on Iran is tomorrow.