Medical

England Syphilis at Highest Level Since WWII Years

England Syphilis at Highest Level Since WWII Years

Public Health England (PHE) data revealed that 422,147 new diagnoses were made at sexual health services in 2017 and although that was about the same number as in 2016, STIs were found to have increased, with 7,137 diagnoses of syphilis reported - a 20% increase on 2016 and 148% increase relative to 2008.

Last year, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported the highest number of Americans infected with STDs ever, with more than 2 million new cases of gonorrhea, syphilis and chlamydia.

England has continued to see a rise in cases of syphilis and gonorrhoea over the past year.

Public health officials are often unable to investigate STIs because cases may not be able to give a name or address of exposed partners, and the number of partners people may have has increased.

In March, the first super-gonorrhoea case was detected in the United Kingdom, where a man is said to have contracted the infection after having intercourse in South East Asia.

New data released by Public Health England (PHE) showed that there were nearly 46,000 cases of gonorrhea and more than 7,000 cases of syphilis in England in 2017. However, there was a 22% rise in cases of gonorrhoea in 2017 compared to 2016 (from 36,577 in 2016 to 44,676 in 2017). Highest incidence is seen among adults aged between 25 and 34 years and they were one third of all the cases.




The majority of these cases are in men, where figures have increased sharply from 135 in 2016 to 170 in 2017.

The figures showed a drop of 8% in those taking tests for chlamydia.

"Government must reverse cuts to councils' public health grants because we can not tackle this by stretching services even thinner", she added. "Most worryingly, that includes a 61 percent drop in chlamydia testing in sexual and reproductive health services in just two years", she added. They speculate that this reduction is not due to reduction in incidence of the infection but lack of testing.

Public Health England concluded their report with a call for stronger local and national prevention and care services, and more sexual health education in secondary schools.

"Consistent and correct condom use with new and casual partners is the best defense against STIs, and if you are at risk, regular check-ups are essential to enable early diagnosis and treatment", Dr Hughes said. "The impact of STIs can be considerable, with some causing infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease and harm to unborn babies", said Dr. Gwenda Hughes, consultant scientist and head of sexually transmitted infection section at Public Health England.