Medical

Global concerns over prevalence of antibiotic resistance

Global concerns over prevalence of antibiotic resistance

World Antibiotic Awareness Week occurs annually in November, this year running from Monday 12 to Sunday 18 November 2018.

US Antibiotic Awareness Week, directed by the CDC, is an annual observance to raise the awareness of antibiotic resistance risks and the importance for all sectors - human and animal health and the environment - to responsibly use antibiotics.

Majorities across the political spectrum say the federal government should increase funding for research and public health initiatives to address antibiotic resistance - specifically 81% of Democrats, 76% of Republicans and 70% of Independents.

Prudent use of antibiotics can help stop resistant bacteria from developing and keep antibiotics effective for future generations.

The main message of this year's WAAW is 'handle antibiotics with care.' World Health Organization is focusing on food safety while OIE will be promoting prudent and responsible use of antimicrobials in animals.

Gonorrhea, sexually transmitted disease had become resistant to antibiotic worldwide and rendered as untreatable disease.

Bacteria can become resistant when patients use antibiotics they don't need or when they don't conclude their treatments.

A study conducted in Cape Town has shown that prescribers of antibiotics in the private sector were aware of the problem of resistance, but felt pressure from patients to prescribe them.




He said antibiotics ought to be used advisedly, adding that "all hospitals and community health centres should strive to control the spread of infections by making the best hygiene and sanitation measures available".

"However, as part of this year's World Antibiotic Awareness Week, new research* from NPS MedicineWise indicates Australians" knowledge of the problem of antibiotic resistance is improving.

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria hard and expensive to treat, often leading to disability and death. The pathogens survive, grow and spread their resistance.1 This process of adaptation leads to AMR.1If no solution is found, the consequences of AMR could be devastating. The Rock's antibiotic use is higher than in other European countries. Dr Owen Kaluwa, the WHO Country Representative to Ghana, said this year, the Organisation had introduced sub-themes to showcase the huge work underway to tackle antimicrobial resistance, which demonstrated "how antibiotics are linked to humans, animals and the environment".

I think too many people take antibiotics for granted, rather than treating them with the respect they deserve.

"Africa lacks data on the scope and scale of antibiotic resistance".

The Minister of Health, Kwaku Agyeman-Manu in a speech read on his behalf expressed confidence the country was on the path to containing the phenomenon of AMR with the policy on "Antimicrobial Use and Resistance and the corresponding National Action Plan (NAP), modelled after the Global Action Plan developed in one health".

'The timeframe for developing a new antibiotic is 10-15 years and it's not very profitable for companies as antibiotics tend to only be used for short courses.

Another example of continuous improving regarding antibiotics is the Checkoff research that United States pig farmers have funded, which totals $6.5 million since 2000.