Eastern Europe: number of HIV diagnoses reached a peak

Eastern Europe: number of HIV diagnoses reached a peak

While unprotected male homosexual sexual intercourses remain the main cause of transmission in European Union and European Economic Area, intravenous drug use and heterosexual sex was the main mode of HIV transmission in Eastern Europe, the report stated.

The momentum to revamp political commitment to end AIDS by 2030 has never been so strong in the European Region.

The estimate in the East 51.1 new cases detected per 100,000 people was inordinately excessive than in the West, which possessed a rate of 6.4 new cases per 100,000 people. "We do not have many of these in Eastern European countries as opposed to Western Europe".

The goal is to detect 90 percent of all HIV-positive people offer antiretroviral treatment for 90 percent of those detected and obtain viral suppression for 90 percent of those cured. However, among the estimated 2.1 million people living with HIV in Europe and Central Asia "only two out of five are estimated to be virally suppressed in 2018".

Despite the huge progress made in controlling the global endemic since the 1980s, Europe saw almost 160,000 new HIV cases in 2017.

As nearly two-thirds of the 1.2 million people across the region with transmissible virus are diagnosed but only half of those are on treatment, "the biggest public health impact could be achieved through rapid and sustained scale up of treatment", according to the authors.

"Where human rights for LGBT (people) are not accepted, and are not free and protected for everyone, there can not be efficient HIV prevention", Yoursky said. My call to governments, ministers of health and decision-makers is bold: "scale up your response now", says Dr Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO Regional Director for Europe.

In 2017, the total number of HIV carriers reached 36.9 mln; 25.7 mln of them live in African countries, the World Health Organization reports. There should be adequate investments in prevention, treatment and detection, the report adds.

More than 130,000 people were newly diagnosed with HIV a year ago in Eastern Europe, the highest rate ever for the region, while the number of new cases in Western Europe declined, global public health experts said on Wednesday. Injecting drugs and heterosexual intercourse are the most common reasons for the transmission of the disease in this region.

Dr. Anton Pozniak, president of the International AIDS Society, said there needs to be a focus on removing stigma that surrounds HIV diagnosis.

"We all need to realise our responsibilities and the critical role we all have to play to make Pakistan HIV free". "Policies that reduce social marginalisation, stigma and discrimination are needed as are increased funding for prevention and testing... It is important for our public health services to support easy and affordable access to testing and medical care for vulnerable groups at risk of HIV infection".

"This is a potential shift from mainly affecting key populations to affecting the general population".