Medical

Colorectal cancer endangers more 20-to-30-year-olds

Colorectal cancer endangers more 20-to-30-year-olds

According a report published Tuesday (Jan. 8) by researchers at the American Cancer Society, there were 215.1 cancer-related deaths per 100,000 people in the U.S. in 1991.

The study from the American Cancer Society found there were approximately 2.6 million fewer cancer deaths in the US since reaching a peak of 215 deaths per 100,000 people.

The American Cancer Society cites steady declines in smoking, advances in treatment and early detection for the continuous dip.

In contrast to declines for the most common cancers, death rates rose from 2012 through 2016 for liver (1.2% per year in men; 2.6% per year in women), pancreatic (men only, by 0.3% per year), and uterine corpus (endometrial) cancers (2.1% per year), as well as for cancers of the brain and other nervous system, soft tissue (including heart), and sites within the oral cavity and pharynx associated with the human papillomavirus (HPV).

Overall cancer deaths rose for most of the 20th century, driven mainly by men dying from lung cancer, researchers noted. In terms of cancer deaths between 2007 and 2016, the rate decreased by 1.8% in men and 1.4% in women.

The new report noted that almost 2 million Americans will be diagnosed with cancer this year, and more than 600,000 will die of the disease.

Prostate cancer death rates declined 51% from 1993 to 2016 among men.




There was also a 40% decrease in breast cancer-related deaths in women from 1989 to 2016. Although the racial gap in cancer deaths is slowly narrowing, socioeconomic inequalities are widening.

The American Cancer Society also annually estimates the numbers of new cancer cases and cancer deaths that could occur nationwide, based on the most recent data. "There were 114 cases under the age of 50 (in the study), and there are some 16,000 cases a year of colorectal cancer of people under the age of 50 in the U.S.", Weber said. Moreover, the study only looked at a subset of cases.

"The encouraging point is that cancer mortality continues to go down, particularly for men, but the tough part is, we're still seeing over 600,000 Americans dying of cancer every year", he said.

Dr. Dan Theodorescu, director of the Samuel Oschin Comprehensive Cancer Institute at Cedars-Sinai in Los Angeles, said he read the results of this annual study on cancer statistics each year. Ortner also credits a decline in smoking. "So we've been wondering if that's going to happen for cancer as well, but so far it hasn't".

"Poverty has been a relentless obstacle to receiving cancer care because of lack of, or low insurance coverage".

For cancers such as leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, pancreatic and ovarian cancers, death rates vary only slightly between the rich and poor, the investigators found.


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