Medical

Study backs merit of e-cigs for quitting

Study backs merit of e-cigs for quitting

The participants in one group got their choice of NRT products like nicotine patches, gum, lozenges, mouth strips, inhalers and nasal spray. The other was given an e-cigarette starter kit, complete with a few bottles of e-juice, and those people were encouraged to keep vaping. They also received four weeks of anti-smoking counseling. And most importantly, at every point of the study, these users were more likely to have abstained completely from smoking cigarettes.

The treatment groups also recorded their side effects. Nevertheless, even though those studies used primitive vaping devices, the results showed cessation success on par with nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) products.

Youth whose first use of a tobacco product was electronic cigarettes were more likely to initiate cigarette smoking over 2 years of follow-up in a newly reported study.

Still, e-cigarettes don't come without health risks and experts warn against potential dangers like nicotine addiction, heart attack, and, depending on the vape flavour used, popcorn lung. Because e-cigarettes have improved since then, their advantages for smokers who choose them may be greater nowadays.

"It is a step in the right direction, but it is only one study", said Borelli. A new study says vaping may be best for quitting cigarettes, but it is still a health risk.

After one year the participants were assessed for smoking status, including biochemical tests to ensure that those who claimed to have quit smoking really had. "It does not support the unlimited availability of e-cigarettes".

That means we don't know how well e-cigarettes work for people trying to quit using e-cigarettes without additional support.

But "low-risk" teens are almost nine times more likely to try smoking after they've vaped, according to findings published online February 1 in JAMA Network Open.




There are an estimated 480,000 lives lost nationwide each year, and the American Lung Association states that close to 95 percent of smokers tried their first cigarette before the age of 21. "Other strengths of the study include biochemical verification of smoking outcomes - the nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) arm had a choice of products (gum, patch, etc) and could switch between them if they wanted, the e-cig arm had a choice of e-liquids, and it was a pragmatic trial conducted in a real-world setting". And they're similarly on board with the latest findings.

The study was welcomed by Public Health England, whose tobacco control lead said that stop smoking services should welcome people who want to stop smoking with the help of e-cigarettes. Those devices have largely been overtaken in the U.S.by Juul and similar devices that have prefilled nicotine cartridges, or pods.

Kids who had vaped were four times more likely to experiment with cigarettes, and were three times more likely to be current smokers, the findings showed.

In terms of health side effects, more nicotine replacement users reported feeling nauseous (37.9%) than e-cigarette users (31.3%).

For this study, Stokes and his colleagues analyzed data from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study, an ongoing series of surveys on tobacco use co-sponsored by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the National Institutes of Health.

Some states, including Vermont, are even floating bills to ban the sale of flavored products altogether.

Despite the impressive findings, Levy and the other experts Gizmodo spoke to said more research is still needed in the USA and elsewhere, using newer devices, before doctors here can wholeheartedly endorse vaping as a superior cessation aid over the standard treatment (likely with regular counseling to boot). "But nevertheless, I think there's an important role they can play".